The ancient name for Cappadocia is ‘Katpatuka’, which is believed to mean ‘Land of Beautiful Horses’.

The region owes its visual style to Mounts Erciyes and Hasan, which erupted millions of years ago. The ash settled into a soft, malleable rock known as tuff, and was covered in places by a further layer of basalt lava. It was when the weather eroded the softer material beneath that the pillars took on their unusual shapes. The softness of the tuff made it easy to carve out the rock to create the troglodyte dwellings and cave churches for which the area is so well-known.

Cappadocia was one of the most important places in the early growth of the Christian religion. The first Christians trying to escape from the Roman soldiers settled in the region of Cappadocia which was so suitable for hiding. Here there were and able to continue to practice and to spread their religion. Saint Basileious from Kaisera and Saint Gregorios from Nyssa settled in Cappadocia. In 647 A.D., together with occupation of Kayseri by Muaviye, Cappadocia suffered Arabian invasions and domination of the Seljuks in 1072, was added to the lands of Ottoman Empire in 1399 by the Ottoman Sultan Yildirim Beyazit. Cappadocia is a place of endless extremes: gentle contoured hills.

Severe Domes and “fairy chimneys” with tiny tops; there are so many fascinating things to see in Cappadocia that you could spend a lifetime here and still discover new places. The main ‘must-see’ attractions are the two large open-air museums and the best of the underground cities. However, there are also many small, all but forgotten rock-cut churches and monasteries, splendid hiking trails, several spectacular caravanserais and many dramatic rock formations well worth going out of your way to visit.

g2o Experience

Start the day, with hot-air balloon flight experience, the peaceful serenity of hot air ballooning.

Breakfast or Lunch at Love Valley – After your ballooning experience or in between your tour programme, enjoy a delicious open buffet meal served by local villagers at Love Valley.

Enjoy a Sunset Cocktail at Red Valley End the day of your tour programme by relaxing at one of the most spectacular valleys of Cappadocia with its different rock formations in a variety colours and enjoy the sunset while sipping delicious Cappadocian wines.

Have Dinner at Goreme Open Air Museum after visiting hours of the museum, enjoy an exclusive dinner organized on the grounds of this fascinating open air museum.

Have a Party at Saklıkent Valley experience an exclusive party organized at this mystical valley.

Experience Cappadocia Winery tours do not leave Cappadocia without trying regional wines.

g2o Cultural Tip

Must see Ihlara Valley - Due the valley’s plentiful supply of water and hidden places, this was the first settlement of the Christians escaping from Roman soldiers. In the Ihlara Valley there are hundreds of old churches in the volcanic rock caves.

g2o Hot Table

Eat at Elai Restaurant. Try Spinach salad served with apple

Eat at Lil’a Restaurant. Try ‘earthenware bowl kebab’ – Veal Meat and vegetable casserole (called güveç in Turkish) with eggplant, potatoes, garlic cooked in the pot and served with rice or ’lamb shank kebab’ – Lamb shanks mixed with peeled eggplants and chopped tomatoes, cream, salt and pepper

Eat at A la Turca Restaurant. Try Tas Kebab (Pieces of beef & potatoes stewed in a light tomato sauce) or A La Turca Savoury Pastries (filled with cheese)